By Ladane Nasseri http://www.bloomberg.com/
Tehran will complete the first phase of a $7 billion expansion of its metro system by March 2015 as it aims to lift daily passenger capacity to as much as 8 million from 3 million, an Iranian official said.
The need to expand public transport in Tehran, a city that has grown fivefold since 1960 to almost 9 million today, has been hindered in part by economic sanctions related to Iran’s nuclear program, which have curbed foreign investment and new technology.
Yet the city is on course to complete the $1 billion extension of one of its five existing metro lines by March, Mohammad Montazeri, deputy managing director of the Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway Co., said in an interview in Dubai this week. More info
TEHRAN – The second section of Line 3 of the Tehran Metro, with a length of 12 kilometers, was inaugurated on Tuesday.
The first section of Line 3, with a length of 7 kilometers, came on stream in December 2012.
Line 3 of the Tehran Metro will extend 37 kilometers when it is completed, connecting the metropolitan area’s far south and far north, and will be the longest subway line in the Middle East.
The Tehran Metro has four operational lines, stretching for a total of about 152 kilometers. The subway has 85 stations so far.
Currently, the Tehran Metro carries more than 3 million passengers per day. In February 2013, Tehran Mayor Mohammad Qalibaf said the Municipality plans to increase the number of passengers to 10 million per day by 2018. More info
On all Tehran metro trains, the first and half of the second and last and half of the next-to-last carriages are reserved for women who do not wish to ride with men in the same car. However, women can still ride other cars freely.
The Tehran Metro carries more than 2 million passengers a day. In 2010, 459 million trips were made on Tehran Metro.
TEHRAN – The Iranian Railways Company has inked a deal, worth €1 billion, with the National Development Fund and the Ministry of Industry, Mine, and Trade to boost rail infrastructures, ISNA quoted Railways Company’s managing director Abdol-Ali Saheb-Mohammadi as saying.
Iran Railways, the National Development Fund, and the Industry, Mine and Trade Ministry have signed a trilateral agreement to allocate around $1.28bn to the railway industry, according to a senior executive.
Iran Railways managing director Abdol-Ali Saheb-Mohammadi said that about 420km of railroad will be constructed by the end of the Iranian calendar year (March 20, 2013), adding that 10 new locomotives will come on stream in near future.
“Some 480 million euros and one trillion rials have been invested in the project, aimed at creating 750 direct jobs and 3000 indirect jobs,” Fars News Agency quoted Saheb-Mohammadi as saying. More info
Iran is hopeful its ally China will fund up to $2 billion to complete Tehran’s metro rail which faces delays due to lack of financing as a result of sanctions, a government official said on Monday, Oct 15, Reuters reported.
Phase two of the metro is on track for completion next year but two new lines under the third phase may be delayed due to lack of money, Mohammad Montazeri, deputy managing director, planning & logistics, Tehran Urban & Suburban Railway Co said.
“We are seeing funds from foreign companies. We are in negotiations with China (government, banks and agencies), we are hoping to get financing,” he told Reuters on the sidelines of the Middle East Economic Digest’s Rail Projects conference.
“If the loans come we can finish on time,” he said.
The United States and its allies accuse Iran of using its atomic program as a cover to develop nuclear weapons and have imposed increasingly stringent economic sanctions to try to force Iran to answer questions about the program. Iran has said its program is for solely peaceful purposes, not for weapons.
Tehran initially planned to build 430 kilometers of metro lines with 256 stations at a cost of $18 billion. But as sanctions began to bite, only 261 kilometers and 175 stations were approved, estimated to cost around $10 billion, he told the conference earlier.
The 89-km, 41 stations phase one is operational and the 70-km, 66 stations phase two is scheduled for completion in 2013. The third phase of two lines, about 102 km and 68 stations is due to be completed by 2015, if financing is secured.
By the end of this year, five lines covering 147 km and 88 stations will be operational, he said.
Foreign loans which accounted for 43 percent of the approximately $10 billion (for all three phases) metro cost from 1987 to 1997 fell to 10 percent during 1997 to 2005. At the end of last year, foreign loans dried up completely, he said.
“Now, 50 percent of the funding is from the private sector and the rest from the government,” Montazeri said.
The impact of sanctions is less severe on equipment as 80 percent of Iran’s requirements such as wagons, machinery and other products are produced locally.
“Only for about 20 percent we may feel the impact but that is not economically viable for us to produce in Iran,” he said, adding some goods such as rail tracks are imported from China, without giving details.
Despite sanctions, Iran has managed to import banned goods from some countries in return for oil shipments.
“Foreign investment is the main problem,” he said, adding the company receives over 70 percent subsidy from the government.
With a population of 8 million in Tehran, at least 15 million journeys are made on the metro daily, he said. More info
Mashhad Metro is a light rail system operating in the holy city of Mashhad, in the Razavi Khorasan province of Iran. Operated by Mashhad Urban Railway, the project is also referred to as Mashhad Light Rail and Mashhad Urban Rail.
The city of Mashhad is spread over an area of 270km² and has a population of 5.2 million. Comprehensive studies for the construction of a new urban railway line were conducted during 1994-1999 and 2002-2004, highlighting the requirement for four new urban rail lines in Mashhad.
Construction of Line 1 commenced in 2000, while in 2004 plans for a 4.7km north extension of the line was announced. Trail runs on Line 1 began in January 2011, limited revenue services began in April 2011 and the line was formally opened to passengers in October 2011.
Once fully operational, Line 1 will carry 17,000 passengers an hour in each direction.
Mashhad Urban Railway routes
The 19km-long Line 1 runs from Nakhrisi in the east to the Vakilabad in the southwest. Around half of the route encompasses an underground section. Line 1 includes 22 stations, of which 11 are underground. The 4.7km north extension of Line 1 runs from Nakhrisi to the Mashhad International Airport.
Line 2, extending from Koohsangi to Tabarsi, will be a heavy metro and include 12 underground stations. The metro line will run under street level in a tunnel extending in a northeast – southwest direction. Total length of Line 2 is approximately 14.3km, of which 14km is underground. Line 2 will provide connections to the existing metro Line 1 and future Line 3 and Line 4, as well as the national railway line of Iran. More info
According to Tehran SAMA, Jaafar Tashakori Hashemi, Deputy for Transportation and Traffic at Tehran Municipality said: “Given that there are no BRT bus lines available on northeast to northwest of Tehran, the need was seriously felt for development of public transportation and establishment of BRT bus lines on this direction. On this basis, construction of a corridor of BRT buses along the Sadr highway was put on the agenda.”
Tashakori Hashemi further remarked that the two-floor Sadr Highway and addition of transportation lines does not mean that we should give priority to private vehicles as it would violate the rights of citizens who do not use personal cars. In the large and national project of the two-floor Sadr Highway and Sadr-Niyayesh Tunnel the share of citizens who use public transportation should be taken into consideration. Therefore, in Sadr Highway one line has been allocated to BRT buses (on the ground floor at highway level) and by using the flyovers on the location of the stations passengers could gain access from both sides of the highway to the middle refuge.”
He added that the distance between pillars of the upper floor of the highway would be used for setting of bus stations and on each station a flyover would be installed enabling citizens from both sides of the highway to gain access to these stations. On the Sadr Highway a corridor of BRT buses would be established through which these buses would transport with different points of origin and destination. But, in some parts of the direction, that is to say along Sadr Highway, they have similar directions. The first phase of the BRT line starts from Shahid Mahalati Township and by passing through Sadr Highway runs towards Shahid Afshar.
By S. Isayev, T. Jafarov en.trend.az
Iran has implemented a quite unique, air taxi service in the country, Mehr reported.
Thus far, the helicopter taxis only work via the Tabriz – Aras Economic zone, and in the future it is planned to implement the service in Iran’s capital as well.
In May of 2007, it has been planned to launch air taxi service via “East-West” and “South-North” routes across Tehran.
At first the air taxis were intended for foreign guests and government officials, while for local residents such service would have been available at a later stages.
However at the time, the project was never implemented. More info